Rheumatoid Arthritis: NHS on common signs and symptoms
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Arthritis can be broken into several forms, and among the most painful is gout. The condition, which is caused by elevated levels of uric acid, occurs when sharp needle-like crystals father in the joints. According to some studies, the unsweetened juice of two fruits may trigger painful attacks that last for days or weeks.
According to the Mayo Clinic, anyone at risk of gout is advised to “limit or avoid sugar-sweetened foods such as sweetened cereals, baked foods and candies”.
The health body adds: “Limit consumption of naturally sweet fruit juices.”
Published in the journal Hypertension in 2007, the findings of one study showed that unsweetened fruit juices and fruit increased the incidence of gout.
Other recent epidemiological evidence suggests unsweetened soft drinks increase serum urate, supporting the notion that fructose intake has an adverse effect on urate metabolism.
Some research has linked fruit juice of apples and oranges with an increased risk of developing these attacks.
In one study, men who drank two glasses or more of fruit juice a day were nearly twice as likely to get gout, compared to those who drank less than a glass daily.
Peter Simkin, MD, emeritus professor of medicine in the university of Washington School of Medicine division of Rheumatology told the Arthritis Foundation that this does not mean both fruits should be omitted from your diet.
The professor explained that it’s probably managing the quantity of fruit intake which is most important.
The Arthritis Foundation adds: “It’s especially important to watch your portion size when it comes to fruit juice.”
This is because fruit juice contains a more concentrated amount of fructose, which could cause complications for anyone at risk of gout.
Who is at risk of gout?
Gout is most prevalent among men over the age of 30, primarily because they tend to have lower uric acid levels than women.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the risk of the disease increases significantly as alcohol intake goes up.
The health body adds: “Having a diet high in purines, which the body breaks down into uric acids,” is another risk factor.
Equally, an individual may be at heightened risk if they are overweight, or have been through menopause.
Though the condition can be extremely painful and debilitating, treatments are available to help relieve the symptoms and prevent further attacks.
What are the symptoms of gout?
Urate crystals are a by-product of concentrated urine consisting of uric acid, which babies are prone to having high levels of.
Gout occurs when this uric acid builds up and forms crystals in the joints, triggering a painful inflammatory response.
More specifically, the crystals form where there is a build-up of calcium in the cartilage, and a painful gout episode occurs when these crystals get shed into a joint.
The result is a sudden attack of pain in one or more joints, typically in the big toe, which may feel very hot and tender.
Swelling may also be apparent around the affected joint, and it may be unable to bear anything touching it, according to NHS Inform.
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