Again a record year for ticks is expected
Mild Winter and hot summer for ticks, this is the ideal propagation conditions. Experts explain what to look for when you stay in the Green to minimize the tick-stick-related disease risk.
They suck blood and can transmit diseases: In this year particularly many ticks are on the move. How to respond when one is in the skin? And how can you protect yourself? Five tips on how to react in case of a detection, symptoms, recognize – and can prevent.
1. After each stay in the Green search
After a trip to the countryside, you should search in this year particularly well for ticks. Because the German Red cross (DRK) points to the particularly high risk that going out in this summer of the bloodsuckers: Due to the mild winter, there were more ticks than in previous years.
They like to hide in the armpits, in the hollow of the knee, the pubic area, around the navel, in the belly folds and behind the ears. You have to search for thoroughly, advises the center for travel medicine (CRM).
2. Remove the tick
If you find a tick on your body, should you remove it fast. This can reduce according to the CRM, the risk of disease. Best a pair of tweezers, tick use map or tick pliers, advises the German Red cross (DRK). The tick slowly and vertically pull out and rotational movements, to avoid the head torn off and the body of the animal is not crushed – because, otherwise, the pathogens can enter the wound.
On home remedies such as Oil, glue, nail Polish or petrol you would rather skip. The tick could be even increased, possibly infected Secretions. At the end of the injection site, disinfect, and with a aid dressings provide. The tick kill.
3. Observe the injection site
The first symptoms often show up two to three weeks later. Forms around the puncture site a red circle, this can be according to the DRC, an indication of Lyme disease. This disease appear more often than tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). The symptoms of both diseases are comparable, with the flu are Often fever, headache and muscle pain. Then, the patient should necessarily go to the doctor.
4. Vaccination areas in risk
Against TBE is vaccination. The Standing Committee on vaccination (Stiko) at the Robert Koch-Institute (RKI) recommends that people living in high-risk areas. A reliable protection after three immunizations, of which the first two are spread over one to three months. The third follows after another nine to twelve months. This primary vaccination lasts for at least three years. After that you should regularly refresh – depending on the age, every three to five years, advises the CRM.
5. Undergrowth and high grasses to avoid
This is to not get stung first, you should avoid dense undergrowth and high Grass rather. Long pants and closed shoes when walking in the woods is advisable. Also tick protection for Rubbing or Spraying can keep the blood suckers away from your body. (vb; Source dpa/tmn)