The risk

For months news from the USA about diseases, and deaths from E-cigarettes confuse users in this country. Now a new study is likely to provide more anxiety. Researchers warn in the journal “Cardiovascular Research” prior to potential risks of vaping for heart health.

For their study, doctors analyzed data from several Short – and long-term studies on the consequences of E-cigarette use on the cardiovascular System. “Many people believe that these products are safe, but there are more and more reasons to worry about its impact on heart health,” summarizes Loren Wold from the Ohio State University College of Medicine, the results. “E-cigarettes contain nicotine, particulate matter, metals and aromatic substances, and not only harmless water vapor.”

That the air inhaled fine dust in the circulation of the blood occurs, and finally, directly to the heart, it is already known. Even if the available data were not sufficient, suggested that the Same for E-cigarettes was said Wold.

Good for weaning, not bad as an introduction

Nicotine increase the blood pressure and heart rate, while fine dust will lead to arteries hardening, inflammation, and oxidative Stress. “We are aware of these issues from studies of the short-term effects of vaping – the research, however, is inconsistent, and the consequences of chronic E-cigarette use is still a complete mystery,” says Wold. “The potential damage to the heart is not examined in principle.”

Originally E were cigarettes, especially as a tool for Smoking cessation, critics hold, however, for possible entry help for Smoking. What is clear is that The fumes contain less harmful substances than tobacco smoke therefore, but completely harmless, such as the lungs doctors of the German lung Foundation stated in February.

Wold, according to the new analysis shows that there is a need for larger and longer-term studies on the effects. But above all, you should give E-cigarettes to users and those that keep you from Smoking before that even. “It is too great a risk not to accept that one is dependent, and there are no negative consequences,” he said. “The risk is just not worth it.”

If swallowed harmless – and when you Inhale?

In Germany, ingredients for E are regulated-cigarettes is significantly more stringent than in the United States. The tobacco law stipulates that “in the manufacture of the liquid to be evaporated except for nicotine, only ingredients are used in heated and non-heated Form, there is no risk to human health.”

The aromatic substances are permitted is often only for food. Accordingly, the evidence does not harm it, to swallow it. What effect they have, if inhaled, is not normally investigated, however. Also, the authors of the current study explain, is not to be assumed that propylene glycol, glycerol is the main ingredients of the Liquids and flavors on the Inhale have the same effects as in the case of oral administration.

Traditional cigarettes vermeidbarste risk factor for cardiovascular was Smoking while diseases and corresponding deaths, emphasize the researchers. Many smokers have switched, therefore, E-cigarettes, or a combination of both, what diseases the risk for a result of the current state of knowledge found to be significantly reduced. However, there were also many newcomers.

Worrying: the number of users among children and adolescents

“The most worrying is the number of children and young people who have the habit of doing is – and maybe never with the Smoking of conventional cigarettes have started,” says Nicholas Buchanan, Co-author of the study. “We don’t know what health effect this has on you.” The majority of current research focused on adults and especially on those who smoked in the past, classic cigarette. An assessment of the impact for young people was, therefore, difficult.

Unknown the potential effects of E-cigarettes on fetuses were also, if a Pregnant women smoke, so doctors Wold. The consequences of passive inhalation were unclear. Adults were beginning to understand that the health effects of vaping are not yet fully known and the risks are potentially high. “I’m afraid not, young people still is.”

In Germany, more and more teenagers and young adults E-cigarettes to try, how a survey showed on behalf of the German cancer research center (DKFZ). Between 2014 and 2018, the proportion of 16 – to 29-Year-old, who would have ever pulled the evaporator have doubled, from 11 to 20 percent almost.